The Facts

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Western Values Project aims to provide members of the media, policy makers and the public with an honest, accurate and rhetoric-free source of information about energy development on public lands.

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Oil and Gas Production of Federal Minerals in Wyoming

oil_gas_production_WY
Source: Office of Natural Resources Statistical-Revenue Information

Federal oil production reached record levels in Wyoming last fiscal year, increasing nearly 35% over FY 2014 levels. Gas production also increased but remained largely consistent with historic levels over the past decade.

Federal Well Types and Statuses in Wyoming in February 2016

federal_well_types_status_WY
Source: BLM FY 2015 Idle Well Report (IM No.2012-181)

Nearly three-quarters of federal wells in Wyoming are gas wells. As a result, trends in federal leasing, permitting and drilling tend to closely reflect gas prices.

Acres Nominated for Leasing in Wyoming

acres_nominated_leasing_WY
Sources: BLM Oil and Gas Statistics, Energy Information Administration

In 2008, when prices averaged $8.85/MMBtu, industry nominated more than 1.5 million acres for lease in Wyoming, but, in every year since, gas has been below $5/MMBtu, and nominations have totaled less than 1 million acres.

Federal Lease Status in Wyoming, FY 2015

federal_lease_status_WY
Sources: BLM Oil and Gas Statistics, BLM LR2000

There’s a large surplus of existing, unused federal leases in Wyoming. At the end of FY 2015, of the 10.2 million acres of federal lands under lease, 6.2 million acres, or 60% of all active leases, were non-producing.

State and Federal Leasing in Wyoming

state_federal_leasing_WY
Sources: BLM Oil and Gas Statistics, WY Office of State Lands and Investments

Federal leasing remained sluggish in Wyoming last year amid low gas prices and a surplus of existing unused leases, permits and wells. As of February 2016, operators had voluntarily “shut in” nearly 4,000 federal gas wells in the state.

Drilling Permits and Gas Prices in Wyoming

drilling_permits_gas_prices_WY
Sources: BLM Oil and Gas Statistics, WY Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, Energy Information Administration

From 2006 to 2015, state and federal permitting both declined in Wyoming, as gas prices fell from $7/MMBtu to less than $3/MMBtu. Even though fewer permits were issued, there is still a large surplus of existing, unused federal drilling permits in the state—at the end of FY 2015, operators held more than 2,000 unused permits.

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